# RISC-V Instruction Length

Excluding the compact instruction set, the standard instructions in RISC-V are all 32 bits. Regardless, RISC-V leaves open the possibility of longer instructions. This is encoded with specific bits in instructions [1].

If $$x$$ is the binary encoding of an instruction in RISC-V, then if

• $$x \land 11_2 \neq 11_2$$, then it is 16 bits.

• $$x \land 11_2 = 11_2$$ and $$x \land 11100_2 \neq 11100_2$$, then it is 32 bits.

• $$x \land 111111_2 = 011111_2$$, then it is 48 bits.

• $$x \land 1111111_2 = 0111111_2$$, then it is 64 bits.

• $$x \land 1111111_2 = 1111111_2$$, $$x \land (111_2 \times 2^{12}) = n$$, and $$n \neq 111_2$$, then it is $$(80+16n)$$ bits.

• $$x \land 1111111_2 = 1111111_2$$ and $$x \land (111_2 \times 2^{12}) = 111_2 \times 2^{12}$$, then it will be 192 bits or longer.

The specifics of encoding the length of instructions that are longer than 192 bits have yet to be specified.